Obsessive – Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by the uncontrollable, unwanted and repetitive thoughts and actions people are urged to carry out. It is mainly separated into four broad categories/areas, which are:
- checking (repeatedly checking things that are associated with harm or danger)
- contamination/ mental contamination (having cleaning or hand washing compulsions)
- hoarding (having the feeling that something bad will happen if they throw anything away. They are gathering things they don’t need or use)
- intrusive thoughts / rouminations (Being compelled to think that everything isn’t perfect and are obsessed with order and symmetry)
It affects about 1% of U.S. adult population, while half of these cased will be diagnosed as “severe”. According to the National Advisory Mental Health Council this illness can be affecting about 2.1% of the population annually. With an average Age-of-Onset at 19 years old, OCD can also affect children from. As far as 1 in 200,000 children can be influenced by this disorder. Diagnosing this disease can also be a challenge, since OCD can be sometimes misdiagnosed as anxiety disorder, depression, schizophrenia, or other mental illnesses.